Fibroid tumors are not related to an increased risk for uterine cancer and very rarely develop into this type of cancer. Most women, however, have fibroid tumors at some point in their lives. However, you may not realize that you have fibroid tumors since most times they cause no obvious symptoms. Your physician can find fibroid tumors incidentally during a Pap smear or in an ultrasound.
Symptoms of fibroid tumors may include severe pain during periods, weight gain or loss, vaginal bleeding, irregular menstrual cycles, abnormal growth within the abdomen (adipose tissue), or an abundance of skin or fat within the abdominal area. If a woman experiences one or more of these symptoms, she should see her doctor for an examination. If the doctor finds that the growth is actually a fibroid tumor, he will remove the fluid inside of the fibroid. Uterine fibroid tumors are generally removed by way of laparoscopy, unless the patient has a large size (a large cyst).
However, in certain circumstances, fibroids may grow so large that they cannot be removed by means of laparoscopy. In this case, the doctor may try to locate the fibroid using instruments called an ultrasound or endoscope. When inside the fibroid, the endoscope is used to see if there are any abnormal cells inside. If the cells are abnormal, the doctor will then remove them using a procedure called a hysterectomy. A small amount of fibroid tissue may remain, however, and normally will not cause any problems within a woman’s reproductive system.