The term “water testing” is used to describe a broad description of the various methods that are used to assess the quality of water. Each type of water testing could employ a slightly different procedure however, they all result in the measurement and assessment on the quality of water that is being test. Many water quality tests are carried out each daily to ensure environmental protection and meet the requirements of regulatory authorities. In urban areas with large populations testing for water quality is required since water sources are not guaranteed to be in compliance with standards set by municipal authorities without testing.
The testing of water quality is mostly conducted for health and ecological reasons. It’s done to assess the extent and amount of water-borne contaminants which can impact the health of humans and aquatic life. The testing of water also aids in monitoring the growth of specific species. The results of these tests are used to regulate and managing water sources at an environmental as well as an administrative level. Regular tests help in protecting the water supply from contamination and pollution that may occur caused by natural disasters as well as other external influences.
There are numerous ways to test the quality of water readily available. The most popular is to test non-invasive surface water with the aid of sensors that are water-borne. This requires the use of special instruments that are designed to collect samples of water from the surface. There are other methods for testing, such as tank tests which involves the use of large tanks that can hold water samples, as well as wet wells that typically are installed beneath ground. The samples are tested for microorganisms and chemistry color, and the detection of pollutants using modern analytical equipment.